NEW DELHI: Google on Saturday dedicated a doodle celebrating the Holocaust survivor and well-known Jewish German-Dutch diarist Anne Frank
. The search giant shared a video depicting moments from Frank
's life in the book.
Her memoir of the Holocaust and the war, even though it was only written when she was between the ages of 13 and 15, is nevertheless one of the most moving and widely read narratives to date.
The real-life passages from her journal that are featured in today's Doodle depict what she and her friends and family went through while living in hiding for more than two years. Her journal, which is regarded as one of the most important volumes in contemporary history, was published 75 years ago today.
Anne Frank was born on June 12, 1929 in Frankfurt, Germany. However, her family quickly relocated to Amsterdam, Netherlands, to avoid the rising prejudice and brutality that millions of minorities were subjected to at the hands of the burgeoning Nazi party.
When Anne was ten years old, the Second World War began. Shortly after, Germany invaded the Netherlands, bringing the conflict to her family's home. The Nazi dictatorship targeted Jews in particular, subjecting them to forced transfer to cruel concentration camps, death, or incarceration.
Millions of Jews were compelled to leave their homes or go into hiding because they were unable to follow their religion openly and safely. In order to evade capture, Anne's family did just that in the spring of 1942, hiding of a covert annex in her father's office building.
The Frank family, like millions of others, were forced to act quickly and leave nearly everything behind to seek protection. Among Anne’s few possessions was an unassuming gift she had received on her thirteenth birthday just weeks earlier: a checkered hardback notebook.
It soon became her vehicle to change the world forever. Over the following 25 months in hiding, she filled its pages with a heartfelt account of teenage life in the “secret annex,” from small details to her most profound dreams and fears.
Hopeful that her diary entries could be published after the war, Anne consolidated her writing into one cohesive story titled “Het Achterhuis” (“The Secret Annex”).
On August 4, 1944, the Frank family was found out by the Nazi Secret Service, arrested, and taken to a detention center where they were forced to perform hard labor. They were then forcibly deported to the Auschwitz concentration camp in Poland where they lived in cramped, unhygienic conditions. A few months later, Anne and Margot Frank were transported to the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp in Germany.
In addition to the brutal, intentional killings of prisoners by Nazi forces, deadly diseases spread rapidly. Eventually, Anne and Margot succumbed to the inhumane conditions they were forced to live in. Anne Frank was just 15 years old.
Although Anne Frank did not survive the horrors of the Holocaust, her account of those years, commonly known as “The Diary of Anne Frank,” has since become one of the most widely read works of non-fiction ever published. Translated into upwards of 80 languages, Frank’s memoir is a staple in today’s classrooms, utilized as a tool to educate generations of children about the Holocaust and the terrible dangers of discrimination and tyranny.