Covid-19 / FACTSHEET

Covid-19: Response

The spread of the coronavirus pandemic depends upon how effectively governments are able to formulate and implement their response. An effective response is one that keeps abreast with the pace of the virus.

A response can be prepared by testing, tracking and treating the infected people, immunization, and imposing restrictions on the movement of people.

The effectiveness and the pace at which these responses are implemented determines how effectively the unabated spread of the virus is brought under control.

Mar 24, 2022 | 9:55 IST

1 - How India is vaccinating against Covid-19

Approvals: On January 1, 2021, the Drug Controller General of India (DCGI) approved emergency use of the Oxford–AstraZeneca's Covishield. A day later, the DCGI also granted an interim emergency use authorisation to Covaxin, a domestic vaccine developed by Bharat Biotech in association with the Indian Council of Medical Research and the National Institute of Virology.

The vaccination programme: The first dose of the Covid-19 vaccine was administered in India on January 16, 2021. As of February 4, 2022 over 1.5 billion vaccine doses were administered in the country. Over 90% of the population eligible to receive the vaccination dose had received the first dose of the vaccine and 65% were fully vaccinated as of February 4, 2022. From January 3, 2022 the country also started administering vaccine doses to children between 15 and 18 years.

The precaution dose: A booster shot was prescribed over and above the second dose of vaccine as experts witnessed a likely drop in protection against the Covid-19 virus with time. In India, the government has prescribed a booster dose, aka precaution dose, to health and frontline workers and those over 60 with comorbidities or other health problems.

FAQs
Is it necessary to take both doses of the Covid-19 vaccine?
The result of studies conducted on Covid-19 vaccines showed that people with two doses had a higher amount of antibodies to fight the virus, indicating that taking more than one dose would probably increase vaccine effectiveness.
Who is eligible for Covid 19 booster in India?
A person above the age of 60 years who has co-morbidities like diabetes, hypertension and other chronic ailments have the option of getting the booster dose, aka "precaution dose", in India. A booster shot would be administered 9 months after taking the second dose of the vaccine.
What should be the time gap between the two doses of Covid-19 vaccines?
Presently, the schedule of the Covishield vaccine is to administer the second dose after 12-16 weeks (i.e. after 84 days), after administration of the first dose.
How many Covid-19 vaccines are licensed in India?
Two vaccines were granted emergency use authorisation by the Central Drugs Standard Control Organization (CDSCO) in India -- Covishield (AstraZeneca's vaccine manufactured by Serum Institute of India) and Covaxin (manufactured by Bharat Biotech Limited). Sputnik - V has been granted EUA (Emergency Use Authorisation) in April 2021.
Is it mandatory to take the vaccine?
The vaccination for Covid-19 is voluntary. However, it is advisable to receive both the doses of the Covid-19 vaccine for protecting oneself against this disease and also to limit the spread of this disease to close contacts.
CREDITS
Data Source
Covid19tracker.in, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Our World in Data
Data and visualization by
Karn Bhushan, Ritvvij Parrik, Shankar Raghuraman, Shuja Asrar
Researched, written, and edited by
Areeba Falak, Shuja Asrar, Ritvvij Parrikh
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